Friday, January 1, 2010

FYI Farm Terms

For those of you who may be unfamiliar with the terminology used on the farm, this one is for you. I will add a term when ever I realize it is not one normally used off the farm. If you have any questions on terms you want an explanation for just email me at and I will list it here for all to see.

Poultry terms:

Chicks are any chicken under 2 months old
Hens are female chickens, usually means layer (egg production) chickens
Rooster mature male chicken
Pullet female chicken prior to or in the early stages of egg production
Cornish cross is a meat variety of chicken
Cornish game hen is a young Cornish cross hen (5 weeks old)

Pork terms:

Sow: a female pig who has had at least on set of piglets
Gilt: a female pig prior to her giving birth the first time
Boar: in tacked male pig
Barrow: Castrated male pig
Hog: pig 6 months old or older (sexual maturity)
Pig: Between piglet and Hog
Piglet: newborn to 2 months old
Farrowing: the act of birthing piglets
Farrowing hut: the place where farrowing occurs
Confinement pig operations: the pigs are always inside and never see the light of day
pasture-raised operations: Production takes place out of door (weather permitting) on pastures

Beef terms:

Heifer: female bovine (cow) proir to the birth of her first calf.
Calf: baby bovine
Cow: female bovine who has given birth at least once
Bull: In tact male bovine
Bovine: Cattle or dairy animals
Beef: any non dairy bovine use in meat production
Dairy: any bovine used in dairy production
Steer: Male bovine who has been castrated
Utter: a cows milk bag
Tits: the Nipples on the Utter
Silo: tall circular structure where silage is stored

Maple Syrup terms:

Sugar Bush:
the area where the maple trees are located; it is not an actual bush

to be continued as needed . . . .

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